There are different email addresses you can add to an Apple ID. Here are the different types in a nutshell.

Primary Email Address

This is the email address for your Apple ID to login and normal communication. Everybody having an Apple ID has a primary address.

Alternate Email Address

Alternate addresses can help people find you on Apple services. Most people won’t need an alternative address.

Rescue Email Address

Rescue email addresses are used for accessing your Apple ID when the primary one isn’t working for some reason. This is a security measure and might help you.

Notification Email Address

This address is only used for notification purposes if you have two-factor authentication enabled and don’t have a rescue email address.

If you get the error Your new Apple ID cannot be the same as your notification email address it means that these have to be different email addresses. The point of the notification email address is to be different than the normal one for security reasons. All those addresses can be changed when managing your Apple ID.

Apple has a thorough explanation in their knowledge base for these different types of email addresses.